The whole country under the pressure of two opposing trends: the religious fanaticism of Saudi Arabia and the Political fanaticism of people in the Republic of Yemen
A Democratic Republic, which was born due to the victory of three different enemies: English, Emir and Egypt´s Nasser. At the time of the Pharaohs, Yemen constituted the commercial crossroad between Asia, Europe and Africa. Besides, the Kingdom of Savva flourished in YEMEN.
There is also one of the most famous "streets" of the world, the "Road of Lebanon and Christ" through which many caravans and thousands of camels passed that were hiking many months in order to reach the Mediterranean coast.
The merchants of Arabia kept the secret of coffee, incense and myrrh, goods that were sought after in Europe and the Middle East, well hidden. Several local dynasties and foreign conquerors, such as the British, the Persians, the Ethiopians, the Turks, the Portuguese, and the Mamluks, passed through Yemen. However, the prevalence of Islam and its influence on the formation of Yemenitic society was catalytic. The lifestyle of YEMEN is governed by strict rules, and residents are divided into social classes, so any attempt to modernize becomes very difficult and rather in vain. Even though, YEMEN, retains a rare authenticity that impresses its travelers, along with its natural beauty and its excellent architecture.
The Bedouins ,who are shepherds, usually live in rough accommodations, cavities dug in the land , which are covered by a branch of branches. Moreover, bedouins preserved the nomadic mentality, independent spirit and rapacity. Centuries of deprivation and racial conflict have made them indifferent to human life. Several tribes have as a basic professional activity the stealing of animals. It is dangerous to enter those areas where one is always traveling "on the brink of war".
The mythical architecture of the cities
There are groups of houses of giant dimensions and many floors, inhabited by a single family, true skyscrapers, compared to the simplicity of the homes of the Arab countries.
Their destination is purely defensive, and it is entirely justified by the constant warfare and the struggles between the tribes, which often break out for the occupation of water, which has always been the object of multifaceted complexions and eternal hatred. Due to the low durability of materials whose clay is the first component, these large houses have sloping walls and often a column of mud and wood is built in the center of the building, reaching the top floor.
The exterior decoration is very poor but it is not lacking from major buildings. In this case it finds its inspiration in the most ancient Muslim art, with colourful motifs, terraces and "monsabi" stencils that have a purpose that is a common point of the entire Arab world, hiding privacy from the profane looks. However, even the poorest in construction and appearance buildings are of real interest.