Spectacular ruins of the old Indian cities of the Incas Empire!
The grandiose art of the palaces and temples of the colonial era of the Spanish "Conquistadores", the impressive scenery of the Andean complex with the deserted winding highlands, the densely populated valleys, the glaciers of the high peaks, the avenue of "volcanoes" the country) as well as the sources of the Amazon with its forests and rivers are all these elements that make up the image of Peru.
Incas descendants of the current inhabitants - Andean Indians
wrapped in their faded cape and with their tall hats women (inseparable element of clothing that do not separate even at home), speak little, answer
in single language, in their tongue "ketsoua" , still have in the eyes an everlasting fear, an eternal mistrust. To survive the violence of the "conquistadors" of the Spanish conquerors they were forced to hide their soul - many think they are lazy, fathearted, determined to self-destruct.
They continue like yesterday to live on the land of their ancestors in inaccessible locations, which only survive mining operations at 4,000 meters high with potato crops in narrow-dry high-lane slopes in mud huts. Works terribly laborious and altitude which is well understood by tourists in KUZKO, where hotels always have oxygen and cardiotonic. However, the ancestors of this people were intelligent, civilized, active, large Inca people. The chronology of their presence
goes back to the sphere of legends.
With the capital and starting point of KUZKO, the INKAS rulers created an empire from today's Colombia to the center of Chile on a 4,000-kilometer front. The peak of the peak of the mid-15th century. Cyclopean paved streets traversed the whole empire even at a height of 5,000 meters and approached imposing cities made of huge stone volumes, polished and slim without any interference of lime or sludge. They built cities and fortresses using monumental techniques. Architecture was their art, their mathematics passion. The Incas did not know horses. FRANCISCO PISARO's horses were more terrified than the cannons when in 1530, with a few hundred Centaurs, he conquered the whole of anti-democracy and transferred the headquarters from KUZKO to LIMA (the city of Lights).
Today it is a joyful, lively, hospitable city with imposing monuments and mansions. In her cathedral the mummy of François Pisaro is kept in a crystal case and the Indians praise his pile, an inexplicable event, a mysterious impenetrable. The conqueror even mummified provokes the fear of the Peruvian Indians today.
Inca was the absolute monarch, of a divine origin, ruled a Peruvian tribe, and from the 13th century began to gradually occupy the territories of the central Andes. Inca lived with unimaginable majesty. The fabrics of his clothes were precious and their designs vivid. It was full of jewels, on its head had a turban of various colors, the "hat" and a red tassel that was a sign of its power. Above the turbine was a golden disc with the image of the sun and decorated with two feathers of a "kreukekenka" - a bird that was considered holy and symbolic. Above the chiton he had a great mantle, his clothes were full of precious stones, and two golden sheets on his shoulders showed his head puma. His feet wore sandals decorated with gold.
Inca traveled to his extensive and rugged empire, to the roads he had built to keep his territory united, and which in many places still exist. It was transported to special carriages adorned with precious gems and passed over dangerous bridges. The marriage to the empire was great, and only the married man became a "runa", a complete man worthy of exercising his political rights and assuming public office. The wedding ceremony took place in the main square of the country where young people and young people were able to get married. Inca married his sister and her sister's son was the heir to the throne. When his body was dying, he was blasphemed and transported to the great temple of the Sun, to Kuzko.
THE "DIAMPLADA" OF URURO
Through the "Dilambda" the Bolivian people want to express the drama of the mining communities: in the mines the sun does not shine, the mother-earth does not live, the mine is a kingdom of hell whose monarchs are Auri and his wife. Silver is the creation of the Awari. When man pierced the mountains to pick up the metals, he caused the wrath of Satan, called Santiago.
It is true that the basis of the ceremony is the need and the need of the Indian to dissipate in the fiesta. "Dampadda" is a battle between hell and paradise, the Satan of God The "Diablade" is a battle between hell and paradise, the Satan against the fiery sword of Archangel Michael. The "Diaplada" begins and the streets of Ororo are filled with masks and costumes, horrible masks, creations of the rich imagination of the manufacturers. The procession begins and consists of angelic faces, white tunics, Archangel Michael. The crowd for a day has eliminated all its fears, the outcome of the "holy war" is already known and enjoys its power. Every angel must defeat seven devils, one by one the sins die in the dust of the square.
A country sunk in to a deep sleep!
Bolivia is a country sunk in a deep sleep, the sleep of poverty and misery, the country of silence, a strange unnatural silence - locked in the shell of a mysterious past, nostalgic for a situation that can no longer be repeated.
Only an utopian like Che Guevara could have delusions to bloom the spark of the uprising. He had believed that they would once again acquire the courage they displayed at the end of the 18th century at the time of the rebellion of the Indian Toupek-Amarou - the "topamari" took his name in his memory. The small, nervous, patient people on the hillside live on rocky terrain where every measure of land must be won
from the mountain. Under the hut's door are buried fallen dead blade embryos that seduce the spirits. They are Christians
but they love the goddess of fertility When storms break out, they are afraid of lightning and believe they are thrown from the top of Ilimani. When the night falls, the cool, violet shadows of the mountains give the landscape a mysterious look. Only Indians are accustomed to living not only so high,
but also in this loneliness.
LA PAZ, capital, is the highest city in the world,
a city that looks like a condom nest, at 4,000 meters surrounded by eternal snowy mountains. The altitude is "breathtaking"
neutralizes all energy. The little air that enters the lungs is the least polluted air in the world. There are even taller villages. Andean Indians have a large abscess of lungs and a blood volume much more developed than normal.
Faces dug and burned by the sun and the wind. Indians fight the evil of the mountains chewing coca leaves. Without the coca leaves that drive hunger and fatigue, the life of the Indians would be impossible.
The coke gives color to the yellow faces.
The Andean native lives in a completely different world, inhabited by spirits who intervene in every action of human life.
In front of the wonders of nature, in front of the vastness of the lakes or the impossibility of the mountains rising with their snow-capped peaks over 6000 meters, the Indian does not experience good feelings.
She feels like she is crushed by this very heavy nature and begs the spirits not to hurt him, "not to steal the soul". This invocation adapts to every act of his life and the Indian repeats it in front of the statue of the saint-protector, in front of Lake Tititika and in the mountains. The mythological peak is always the Patsa-Mama, the mother-earth, the generous symbol of life, fertility. Christianity did not defeat it, it can not eliminate it in an agrarian society with little cultural development.